that of Cabeza de Vaca’s ten years wanderings in Texas and Mexico. The first that we hear Naufragios de Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca. This was published. what one may read in the famous Naufragios and what is generally said about it, ationKrieger, “The Travels of Alvar Nuez Cabeza de Vaca story in that interpretative gap, working comentarios de Alvar Niuez Cabeza de Vaca, vol. 1, ed. Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca was born around in Andalusia [3], a region of Spain [4]. Cabeza de Vaca’s own account, Los naufragios [the shipwrecked men] his own account of the South American events in his Comentarios ().

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Once in the hands of this Indian, Fi- gueroa spoke to Esquivel, learning from him what we have told here, and he entreated him to go in his company towards Panuco. By the time of the next European contact, many had vanished, presumably from the diseases Cabeza de Vaca and his companions caneza exposed them to. With the violent shock nearly all the people who lay in the boat like dead came to themselves, and, seeing we were close to land, began to crawl out on all fours.

Whenever they work they suffer greatly from hunger. What Cabeza de Vaca states happened four days after the meet- ing ; the Letter to the Audiencia refers to the day immediately after. Want to Read saving…. He spent his remaining years writing and publishing the story of his remarkable exploits in the New World, Los naufragios The Shipwrecked.

We gave many thanks to God for being so near it, believing what we had been told about the country to be true, and that now our suffer- ings would come to an end after the long and weary march over bad trails. He was seized and sent to Spain as a prisoner. Those of us who were there, seeing the Governor hurt, placed him aboard the barge and provided that most of the men should follow him to the boats.

After a very short time, out of eighty men who had come there in our two parties only fifteen remained alive. We mquired about the country further on and the sustenance that mig-ht be found in it.

Retrieved from ” https: Still, seeing there was no remedy and that in any other way death was surer and nearer, I did not mind what they said, but begged the Indians to take us to their dwellings, at which they showed great pleasure, telling us to tarry yet a little, but that they would do what we wished. At this the Indians were so startled, and there was such an uproar among them, that I verily believe if they had seen this at the beginning they would have killed them, and we all would have been in great danger.


Our march was extremely difficult, for neither had we horses enough to carry the sick, nor did we know how to relieve them. They appeared to be pleased with our company and took us to their homes. As soon as we were settled we went out to hunt for the fruit of certain trees, which are like spring bittervetch orobusand as through all that country there are no trails, I lost too much time in hunting for them.

Going ahead, they reached a point of tim- ber on the beach, where they found Indians, who, upon seeing them approach, placed their lodges on the canoes and crossed over to the other side of the coast, and the Chris- tians, in view of the season and weather, since it was in the month of November, re- mained in this timber, because they found water and firewood, some crawfish and other sea-food, but from cold and hunger they began to die.

We called them and they approached in great fear.

Upon their return to the coast in August, they discovered the ships had left for Cuba. They carry them on their back and move every two or three days in quest of food; they plant nothing that would be of any use.

Now, at the time they pluck this fruit, other Indians from beyond come to them with bows for barter and exchange, and when those turn back we thought cabezw joining them and escaping in this way.

Nearly six years I spent thus in the coun- try, naufargios among them and naked, as they all were themselves.

Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca

These things I carried inland, and in exchange brought back hides and red ochre with which naufragioss rub and dye their faces and hair; flint for arrow points, glue and hard canes where- with to make them, and tassels made of the cpmentarios of deer, which they dye red.

The names of those who came are: Then, in order to cheer us, they would tell us not to despair, since we would have tunas very soon and eat much and drink their juice and get big stomachs and be merry, contented and without hunger.

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Dorantes remained only a few days with those Indians and then escaped. It will certainly be modified by the results of investigations in the coun- tries themselves, which I have not been and am not able to carry on myself. In every one of them was a corpse covered naufragjos painted deer hides.

Seeing our obstinacy, an Indian told me that I did not know what I said by claiming that what he knew was useless, because stones and things growing out in the field have their virtues, and he, with a heated stone, placing it on the stomach, could cure and take away pain, so that we, who were wiser men, sure- ly had greater power and virtue.


Castillo was very nhez, es- pecially in difficult and dangerous cases, and always afraid that his sins might interfere and prevent the cures from being effective. I thought that was funny to.

: Alvar Nez Cabeza De Vaca: Books

The Governor thereupon called them to his presence all together, and each one in particular, asking their opinion about this dismal country, so as to be able to get out of it and seek relief, for in comentagios land there was none.

Published May 5th by J. After staying there two days, we returned tO’ the place where we had left the purser, the men and the vessels, and told the purser and pilots what we saw and the news the Indians had given us. Their huts are of matting placed over four arches. But Esquivel refused, saying he had heard from the monks that Panuco was in their rear, and so he remained, while Figueroa went back to the coast where he formerly had been.

There is much maize in this province and the houses are scattered all over the country as caheza as those of the Gelves. It began to rain, and the sea roughened so that, although I allowed the men to land, when they saw the weather and that the town was one league away, many came back to the ship so as not to be out in the wet and cold.

Beatriz de Hinojosa The Letter to the Audiencia, Oviedo p. On the following day our Indians moved towards where Castillo was and were going to join those who kept him, making friends with them, as until then they had been at war. They are a very merry people, and even when famished do not comrntarios to dance and celebrate their feasts and ceremonials.

Naufragios (Ilustrado) (Visión del soldado)

He mentions it, however on p. It was my only protec- tion against the cold, for I went as naked as a new-born child. We could not dfefend ourselves, as there were scarcely three of us who could stand oa caveza feet.

As they took to some rocks, we built a fire and toasted some of our maize. Continuing onward, we entered a firth and there saw a canoe with Indians ap- proaching.